kʷel-1, kʷelǝ-

kʷel-1, kʷelǝ-
    kʷel-1, kʷelǝ-
    English meaning: to turn; wheel; neck?
    Deutsche Übersetzung: “drehen, sich drehen, sich herumbewegen, fũrsorglich um jemandem herum sein, wohnen” under likewise
    Material: This root is related to the name of Celts, Gaelic and Illyrian people who were the children of Galatea. All those cognates are related to the coils of the sea serpent. O.Ind. cárati, calati “bewegt sich, wandert, weidet, treibt” etc. (heavy basis in cáritum, caritá-, cīrṇ á -; carítra- n. “foot, leg”, carcūryá müṇ a-, cūrtí -, also probably tuvi-kūrmí - “tatkräftig”), lengthened grade cǘ ra- m. “ gait “, etc.; Av. čaraiti “versatur, obliegt a Tätigkeit” etc., čarüna- “field”, O.Pers. parikarü “tend, look after! cole!”; s-extension in O.Ind. karṣū́- f. “furrow”, kárṣati, kr̥ṣáti “turn, wenden, pflũgen”, Av. karšam. n. “furrow”, karšaiti “Furchen pull”; Gk. πέλω, πέλομαι “bin in Bewegung” (π Äolismus), Aor. ἔπλετο, participle περιπλόμενος “umzingelnd (eine town, city); sich herumdrehend, den Kreislauf vollendend (ἐνιαυτός)”, with außerEol. τε- = *kʷe-: περιτελλόμενος in ders. meaning (τέλλω “vollende” Pind.), Hom. τελέθω “bin, become”, Cret. τέλομαι “ἔσομαι”, Cypr. τενται “er will be “, also τέλος n. “end”, lit. “Wende” (τελέω “vollende”, τέλειος, τέλεος from *τελεσ-Fο-ς “fertig, vollendet, reif, grown”, τελευτή “ consummation, termination, end”), wherefore τέλσον (*τελσFον, compare above O.Ind. karṣū́-) “Grenzfurche”, i.e. “Wendestelle of Pfluges auf dem Acker”; πόλος “Achse (Drehpunkt); umgepflũgtes (umgewendetes) Land”, πολέω “bewege mich herum, verweile”, ἀμφίπολος “Dienerin (Hom.), servant” = Lat. anculus ‘servant, Knecht”, αἰπόλος “Ziegenhirt”, θεοπολέω “bin priest” (besides θεη-κόλος “priest”); with κ in βουκόλος “Rinderhirt” = M.Ir. búachaill, Welsh bugail “herdsman, shepherd” from *kʷol(i)os with Entlabialisierung after u; πολεύω “bewege mich herum” (γῆν “pflũge um”), Ion. Att. ἐπιπολῆς “auf the Oberfläche”, ἐμπολή “Handelsware”; πωλέομαι “bewege mich an a Orte herum, komme häufig hin”; πάλιν “back” (acc. a *πάλις “ turn “); κύκλος see under; die Gk. π-forms contain probably partly IE pel- see under; Alb. sjel “drehe um, wende, bring” (*kʷel-); besides kjel “bring, bear” (*kʷolei̯ ō), a-sul “Winterweide”, lit. “Zutrift”, për-kul “bend, curve “ (*kʷel-n-), kulp, kulpër “Waldrebe”(*kʷel-bh- ); Lat. colō, -ere “bebaue, bewohne; tend, look after; ehre” (*kʷelō); colōnus “Landwirt, Bauer”, incolere “inhabit”, incola “Einwohner”, inquilīnus “Insasse”, Esquiliae “Außensiedlungen”; about anculus see above; colus, -ūs f. m. or -ī f. ‘spinnrocken” (*kʷelos “ spindle”), collus, -ī m. (aLat.), collum, -ī n. “ neck, Bergjoch” (*kʷol-so-, Goth. hals); O.Ir. cul “ cart “ (Dual. *kʷolō); M.Ir. coll “ head” = Goth. O.Ice. asächs. hals m., O.E. heals, Ger. “Hals = neck “; O.Ice. hvel n. “wheel” = O.Pruss. kelan “wheel”, Ltv. f. pl. du-celes “zweirädriger cart “; O.C.S. kolo n., gen. kolese “wheel”, pl. kola “ cart “ (Mischung from kʷolo- m. and kʷelesn.); Bal.-Slav. *keli̯a- “knee” in Lith. kelỹs, E.Lith. kẽlias “knee”, Ltv. celis ds.; Lith. kelḗ nas m. “knee”, ablaut. O.C.S. kolěno n. “knee, stem, gender, sex”, perhaps further to Slav. *čelnъ m., Sloven. člẹ ̂ n “joint, limb, member”, Clr. čeɫén “limb, member”; Toch. A källüš “bringt”, preterit śël, pl. kalar (Pedersen Tochar. 183). kʷekʷlo-, kʷokʷlo- (?) “wheel” in: O.Ind. cakrá- m. n. (Akzent secondary) “Wagenrad, Scheibe, circle “, Av. čaxra- m. “wheel”, Gk. κύκλος “ circle “, pl. κύκλοι and κύκλα “Räder”, O.Ice. hjōl, hvēl (*kʷé kʷelon-, Gmc. *hwéh(w)ula-) n., O.E. hwēol (Eng. wheel), besides hweowol, hweogol (Gmc. *hweg(w)ulá-), M.L.G. wēl “wheel”; also Fris. fial is probably eine dissimilation-form for *hwewla-; compare also Phryg. κίκλην “the big, giant bear” (“cart “), Lith. kãklas, Ltv. kokls “ neck “ as “Dreher”; Toch. A kukäl, В kokale “ cart “. Lengthened grade perhaps (as “ twiddled, twisted, rotated, revved, revolved, round “) O.Ice. hvüll and hōll m. (latter from dem dat. pl. hōlum from hvülum) “roundish hill”.
    References: WP. I 514 f., WH. I 45, 245 ff., 250, 846, Trautmann 125.

Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary. 2015.

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